GdT Cal-Va du 17/12/2018

23 septembre 18

Marco Mazzola (Université Paris Sorbonne) et Frédéric Jean (ENSTA Paris-Tech) feront des présentations de leurs travaux respectifs.

10h00 Marco Mazzola (Université Paris Sorbonne)

On the controllability of a set valued evolution.

Abstract : 
We consider a controllability problem for the evolution of a set $\Omega(t)\subset\mathbbR^n$. This problem was originally motivated by a model where a dog controls a flock of sheep. Here, $\Omega(t)$ is the region occupied by the sheep and the position of the dog is regarded as a control function. We will discuss necessary conditions and sufficient conditions on the "scare function", for the global exact controllability of the problem. This result is closely related to the approximation of the trajectories of a sweeping process. This talk is based on a joint work with Alberto Bressan and Khai T. Nguyen.

11h00 Frédéric Jean (ENSTA-ParisTech)

Inverse problems on geodesics : from the calculus of variations to sub-Riemannian geometry.

Abstract :  

In this talk we address the following question : is a metric uniquely defined up to a constant by the set of its geodesics (affine rigidity)? And by the set of its geodesics up to reparameterization (projective rigidity) ?
In the framework of calculus of variations, this problem is known as the inverse problem of the calculus of variations and is related to the 4th Hilbert problem. In the particular case of Riemannian geometry, the local classification of projectively and affinely rigid metrics is classical (Levi-Civita, Eisenhart). These classification results were extended to contact and quasi-contact distributions by Zelenko.
Our general goal is to extend these results to arbitrary sub-Riemannian manifolds, and we establish two types of results toward this goal : if a sub-Riemannian metric is not projectively conformally rigid, then, first, its flow of normal extremals has at least one nontrivial integral quadratic on the fibers of the cotangent bundle and, second, the nilpotent approximation of the underlying distribution at any point admits a product structure. As a consequence we obtain genericity results for the rigidity. This is a joint work with I. Zelenko and S. Maslovskaya.