Université Paris-Dauphine, Ceremade

Bureau B514 bis,

Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny,

75775 Paris, France

Phone +33 1 44 05 47 26

Fax +33 1 44 05 45 99

Publications in journals

1. Optimal molecular alignment and orientation through rotational ladder climbing

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2005)

@article{ ISI:000232532000030,
Author = {Salomon, J and Dion, CM and Turinici, G},
Title = {{Optimal molecular alignment and orientation through rotational ladder climbing}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS}},
Year = {{2005}},
Volume = {{123}},
Number = {{14}},
Month = {{OCT 8}},
Abstract = {{We study the control by electromagnetic fields of molecular alignment and orientation in a linear, rigid-rotor model. With the help of a monotonically convergent algorithm, we find that the optimal field is in the microwave part of the spectrum and acts by resonantly exciting the rotation of the molecule progressively from the ground state, i.e., by rotational ladder climbing. This mechanism is present not only when maximizing orientation or alignment, but also when using prescribed target states that simultaneously optimize the efficiency of orientation/alignment and its duration. The extension of the optimization method to consider a finite rotational temperature is also presented. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.}},
DOI = {{10.1063/1.2049270}},
Article-Number = {{144310}},
ISSN = {{0021-9606}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X Dion, Claude/0000-0003-3096-1972}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000232532000030}},
}

2. Monotonic time-discretized schemes in quantum control

NUMERISCHE MATHEMATIK (2006)

@article{ ISI:000236499500007,
Author = {Maday, Y and Salomon, J and Turinici, G},
Title = {{Monotonic time-discretized schemes in quantum control}},
Journal = {{NUMERISCHE MATHEMATIK}},
Year = {{2006}},
Volume = {{103}},
Number = {{2}},
Pages = {{323-338}},
Month = {{APR}},
Abstract = {{Most of the numerical simulations in quantum (bilinear) control have used monotonically convergent algorithms of Krotov (introduced by Tannor et al. {[}15]), of Zhu \& Rabitz {[}16] or their unified formulation in {[}17]. However, the properties of the discrete version of these procedures have not been yet tackled with. We present in this paper a stable time and space discretization which preserves the monotonic properties of the monotonic algorithms. Numerical results show that the newly derived algorithms are stable and enable various experimentations.}},
DOI = {{10.1007/s00211-006-0678-x}},
ISSN = {{0029-599X}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000236499500007}},
}

3. On the relationship between the local tracking procedures and monotonic schemes in quantum optimal control

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2006)

@article{ ISI:000235473500004,
Author = {Salomon, J and Turinici, G},
Title = {{On the relationship between the local tracking procedures and monotonic schemes in quantum optimal control}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS}},
Year = {{2006}},
Volume = {{124}},
Number = {{7}},
Month = {{FEB 21}},
Abstract = {{Numerical simulations of (bilinear) quantum control often rely on either monotonically convergent algorithms or tracking schemes. However, despite their mathematical simplicity, very limited intuitive understanding exists at this time to explain the former type of algorithms. Departing from the usual mathematical formalization, we present in this paper an interpretation of the monotonic algorithms as finite horizon, local in time, tracking schemes. Our purpose is not to present a new class of procedures but rather to introduce the necessary rigorous framework that supports this interpretation. As a by-product we show that at each instant, estimates of the future quality of the current control field are available and used in the optimization. When the target is expressed as reaching a prescribed final state, we also present an intuitive geometrical interpretation as the minimization of the distance between two correlated trajectories: one starting from the given initial state and the other backward in time from the target state. As an illustration, a stochastic monotonic algorithm is introduced. Numerical discretizations of the two procedures are also presented. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.}},
DOI = {{10.1063/1.2170085}},
Article-Number = {{074102}},
ISSN = {{0021-9606}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000235473500004}},
}

4. Monotonic Parareal Control for Quantum Systems,

SIAM JOURNAL on NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (2007)

@article{ ISI:000253017000009,
Author = {Maday, Yvon and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{Monotonic parareal control for quantum systems}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2007}},
Volume = {{45}},
Number = {{6}},
Pages = {{2468-2482}},
Abstract = {{Following encouraging experimental results in quantum control, numerical simulations have known significant improvements through the introduction of efficient optimization algorithms. Yet, the computational cost still prevents using these procedures for high-dimensional systems often present in quantum chemistry. Using parareal framework, we present here a time parallelization of these schemes which allows us to reduce significantly their computational cost while still finding convenient controls.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/050647086}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
EISSN = {{1095-7170}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{Maday, Yvon/C-1397-2013 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Maday, Yvon/0000-0002-0443-6544 TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000253017000009}},
}

5. Convergence of the time-discretized monotonic schemes

M2AN (2007)

@article{ ISI:000246007600004,
Author = {Salomon, Julien},
Title = {{Convergence of the time-discretized monotonic schemes}},
Journal = {{ESAIM-MATHEMATICAL MODELLING AND NUMERICAL ANALYSIS-MODELISATION MATHEMATIQUE ET ANALYSE NUMERIQUE}},
Year = {{2007}},
Volume = {{41}},
Number = {{1}},
Pages = {{77-93}},
Month = {{JAN-FEB}},
Abstract = {{Many numerical simulations in ( bilinear) quantum control use the monotonically convergent Krotov algorithms ( introduced by Tannor et al. {[} Time Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics ( 1992) 347 - 360]), Zhu and Rabitz {[} J. Chem. Phys. ( 1998) 385 - 391] or their unified form described in Maday and Turinici {[} J. Chem. Phys. ( 2003) 8191 - 8196]. In Maday et al. {[} Num. Math. ( 2006) 323 - 338], a time discretization which preserves the property of monotonicity has been presented. This paper introduces a proof of the convergence of these schemes and some results regarding their rate of convergence.}},
DOI = {{10.1051/m2an:2007008}},
ISSN = {{0764-583X}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000246007600004}},
}

6. Energy conserving algorithms for a co-rotational formulation

SIAM JOURNAL on NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (2008)

@article{ ISI:000256453400009,
Author = {Salomon, J. and Weiss, A. A. and Wohlmuth, B. I.},
Title = {{Energy-conserving algorithms for a corotational formulation}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{46}},
Number = {{4}},
Pages = {{1842-1866}},
Abstract = {{Standard nonlinear schemes for the the simulation of elastodynamic problems have several shortcomings when considering high-speed rotations. To tackle these problems, we use a corotational framework and a corresponding specific linearization to design new energy-conserving numerical schemes. In the two-dimensional case, an algorithm preserving also angular momentum is presented. The existence of a solution for the fully discrete setting of this algorithm is established. Numerical results illustrate the flexibility and efficiency of the proposed algorithms.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/060669863}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
EISSN = {{1095-7170}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000256453400009}},
}

7. Formulation and numerical solution of finite-level quantum optimal control problems

J. Comp. App. Math. (2008)

@article{ ISI:000255424900013,
Author = {Borzi, A. and Salomon, J. and Volkwein, S.},
Title = {{Formulation and numerical solution of finite-level quantum optimal control problems}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{216}},
Number = {{1}},
Pages = {{170-197}},
Month = {{JUN 15}},
Abstract = {{Optimal control of finite-level quantum systems is investigated, and iterative solution schemes for the optimization of a control representing laser pulses are developed. The purpose of this external field is to channel the system's wavefunction between given states in its most efficient way. Physically motivated constraints, such as limited laser resources or population suppression of certain states, are accounted for through an appropriately chosen cost functional. First-order necessary optimality conditions and second-order sufficient optimality conditions are investigated. For solving the optimal control problems, a cascadic non-linear conjugate gradient scheme and a monotonic scheme are discussed. Results of numerical experiments with a representative finite-level quantum system demonstrate the effectiveness of the optimal control formulation and efficiency and robustness of the proposed approaches. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.cam.2007.04.029}},
ISSN = {{0377-0427}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000255424900013}},
}

8. Energy consistent co-rotational schemes for frictional contact problems

SIAM JOURNAL on SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (2008)

@article{ ISI:000260850000014,
Author = {Hauret, P. and Salomon, J. and Weiss, A. A. and Wohlmuth, B. I.},
Title = {{ENERGY-CONSISTENT COROTATIONAL SCHEMES FOR FRICTIONAL CONTACT PROBLEMS}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{30}},
Number = {{5}},
Pages = {{2488-2511}},
Abstract = {{In this paper, we consider the unilateral frictional contact problem of a hyperelastic body in the case of large displacements and small strains. In order to retain the linear elasticity framework, we decompose the deformation into a large global rotation and a small elastic displacement. This corotational approach is combined with a primal-dual active set strategy to tackle the contact problem. The resulting algorithm preserves both energy and angular momentum.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/070687827}},
ISSN = {{1064-8275}},
EISSN = {{1095-7197}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000260850000014}},
}

9. A stable toolkit method in quantum control

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS (2008)

@article{ ISI:000258386100001,
Author = {Belhadj, M. and Salomon, J. and Turinici, G.},
Title = {{A stable toolkit method in quantum control}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{41}},
Number = {{36}},
Month = {{SEP 12}},
Abstract = {{Recently the `toolkit' discretization introduced to accelerate the numerical resolution of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation arising in quantum optimal control problems demonstrated good results on a large range of models. However, when coupling this class of methods with the so-calledmonotonically convergent algorithms, numerical instabilities affect the convergence of the discretized scheme. We present an adaptation of the `toolkit' method which preserves the monotonicity of the procedure. The theoretical properties of the new algorithm are illustrated by numerical simulations.}},
DOI = {{10.1088/1751-8113/41/36/362001}},
Article-Number = {{362001}},
ISSN = {{1751-8113}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000258386100001}},
}

10. Constructive solution of a bilinear control problem

SYSTEMS & CONTROL LETTERS (2008)

@article{ ISI:000255992800002,
Author = {Baudouin, Lucie and Salomon, Julien},
Title = {{Constructive solution of a bilinear optimal control problem for a Schrodinger equation}},
Journal = {{SYSTEMS \& CONTROL LETTERS}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{57}},
Number = {{6}},
Pages = {{453-464}},
Month = {{JUN}},
Abstract = {{Often considered in numerical simulations related to the control of quantum systems, the so-called monotonic schemes have not been so far much studied from the functional analysis point of view. Yet, these procedures provide an efficient constructive method for solving a certain class of optimal control problems. This paper aims both at extending the results already available about these algorithms in the finite-dimensional case (i.e., the time-discretized case) and at completing those of the continuous case. This paper starts with some results about the regularity of a functional related to a wide class of models in quantum chemistry. These enable us to extend an inequality due to Lojasiewicz to the infinite-dimensional case. Finally, some inequalities proving the Cauchy character of the monotonic sequence are obtained, followed by an estimation of the rate of convergence. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.sysconle.2007.11.002}},
ISSN = {{0167-6911}},
EISSN = {{1872-7956}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000255992800002}},
}

11. Computation of mean field equilibria in economics

M3AS (2010)

@article{ ISI:000280852900003,
Author = {Lachapelle, Aime and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{COMPUTATION OF MEAN FIELD EQUILIBRIA IN ECONOMICS}},
Journal = {{MATHEMATICAL MODELS \& METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES}},
Year = {{2010}},
Volume = {{20}},
Number = {{4}},
Pages = {{567-588}},
Month = {{APR}},
Abstract = {{Motivated by a mean field games stylized model for the choice of technologies (with externalities and economy of scale), we consider the associated optimization problem and prove an existence result. To complement the theoretical result, we introduce a monotonic algorithm to find the mean field equilibria. We close with some numerical results, including the multiplicity of equilibria describing the possibility of a technological transition.}},
DOI = {{10.1142/S0218202510004349}},
ISSN = {{0218-2025}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000280852900003}},
}

12. Fast transport optimization on the circle

SIAM JOURNAL on APPLIED MATHEMATICS (2010)

@article{ ISI:000281108800006,
Author = {Delon, Julie and Salomon, Julien and Sobolevski, Andrei},
Title = {{FAST TRANSPORT OPTIMIZATION FOR MONGE COSTS ON THE CIRCLE}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS}},
Year = {{2010}},
Volume = {{70}},
Number = {{7}},
Pages = {{2239-2258}},
Abstract = {{Consider the problem of optimally matching two measures on the circle, or equivalently two periodic measures on R, and suppose that the cost c(x, y) of matching two points x, y satisfies the Monge condition: c(x(1), y(1)) + c(x(2), y(2)) < c(x(1), y(2)) + c(x(2), y(1)) whenever x(1) < x(2) and y(1) < y(2). We introduce a notion of locally optimal transport plan, motivated by the weak KAM (Aubry-Mather) theory, and show that all locally optimal transport plans are conjugate to shifts and that the cost of a locally optimal transport plan is a convex function of a shift parameter. This theory is applied to a transportation problem arising in image processing: for two sets of point masses on the circle, both of which have the same total mass, find an optimal transport plan with respect to a given cost function c satisfying the Monge condition. In the circular case the sorting strategy fails to provide a unique candidate solution, and a naive approach requires a quadratic number of operations. For the case of N real-valued point masses we present an O(N vertical bar log epsilon vertical bar) algorithm that approximates the optimal cost within epsilon; when all masses are integer multiples of 1/M, the algorithm gives an exact solution in O(N log M) operations.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/090772708}},
ISSN = {{0036-1399}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 Sobolevski, Andrei/D-9361-2012}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Sobolevski, Andrei/0000-0002-3082-5113}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000281108800006}},
}

13. A smoothing monotonic convergent optimal control algorithm for NMR pulse sequence design

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2010)

@article{ ISI:000275029200010,
Author = {Maximov, Ivan I. and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel and Nielsen, Niels Chr.},
Title = {{A smoothing monotonic convergent optimal control algorithm for nuclear magnetic resonance pulse sequence design}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS}},
Year = {{2010}},
Volume = {{132}},
Number = {{8}},
Month = {{FEB 28}},
Abstract = {{The past decade has demonstrated increasing interests in using optimal control based methods within coherent quantum controllable systems. The versatility of such methods has been demonstrated with particular elegance within nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) where natural separation between coherent and dissipative spin dynamics processes has enabled coherent quantum control over long periods of time to shape the experiment to almost ideal adoption to the spin system and external manipulations. This has led to new design principles as well as powerful new experimental methods within magnetic resonance imaging, liquid-state and solid-state NMR spectroscopy. For this development to continue and expand, it is crucially important to constantly improve the underlying numerical algorithms to provide numerical solutions which are optimally compatible with implementation on current instrumentation and at same time are numerically stable and offer fast monotonic convergence toward the target. Addressing such aims, we here present a smoothing monotonically convergent algorithm for pulse sequence design in magnetic resonance which with improved optimization stability lead to smooth pulse sequence easier to implement experimentally and potentially understand within the analytical framework of modern NMR spectroscopy. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. {[}doi:10.1063/1.3328783]}},
DOI = {{10.1063/1.3328783}},
Article-Number = {{084107}},
ISSN = {{0021-9606}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{Maximov, Ivan/A-8242-2012 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Maximov, Ivan/0000-0001-6319-6774 TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000275029200010}},
}

14. A monotonic method for nonlinear optimal control problems with concave dependence on the state

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of CONTROL (2011)

@article{ ISI:000290398400009,
Author = {Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{A monotonic method for nonlinear optimal control problems with concave dependence on the state}},
Journal = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTROL}},
Year = {{2011}},
Volume = {{84}},
Number = {{3}},
Pages = {{551-562}},
Abstract = {{Initially introduced in the framework of quantum control, the so-called monotonic algorithms have demonstrated very good numerical performance when dealing with bilinear optimal control problems. This article presents a unified formulation that can be applied to more general nonlinear settings compatible with the hypothesis detailed below. In this framework, we show that the well-posedness of the general algorithm is related to a nonlinear evolution equation. We prove the existence of the solution to the evolution equation and give important properties of the optimal control functional. Finally we show how the algorithm works for selected models from the literature. We also compare the algorithm with the gradient algorithm.}},
DOI = {{10.1080/00207179.2011.562548}},
ISSN = {{0020-7179}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000290398400009}},
}

15. Analysis of the Toolkit method for the time-dependent Schroedinger equation

J. Sci. Comp. (2011)

@article{ ISI:000295419200001,
Author = {Baudouin, Lucie and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{Analysis of the ``Toolkit{''} Method for the Time-Dependent Schrodinger Equation}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING}},
Year = {{2011}},
Volume = {{49}},
Number = {{2}},
Pages = {{111-136}},
Month = {{NOV}},
Abstract = {{The goal of this paper is to provide an analysis of the ``toolkit{''} method used in the numerical approximation of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation. The ``toolkit{''} method is based on precomputation of elementary propagators and was seen to be very efficient in the optimal control framework. Our analysis shows that this method provides better results than the second order Strang operator splitting. In addition, we present two improvements of the method in the limit of low and large intensity control fields.}},
DOI = {{10.1007/s10915-010-9450-6}},
ISSN = {{0885-7474}},
EISSN = {{1573-7691}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000295419200001}},
}

16. Time-optimal monotonic convergent algorithms for the control of spin systems

PHYSICAL REVIEW (2012)

@article{ ISI:000301104800004,
Author = {Lapert, M. and Salomon, J. and Sugny, D.},
Title = {{Time-optimal monotonically convergent algorithm with an application to the control of spin systems}},
Journal = {{PHYSICAL REVIEW A}},
Year = {{2012}},
Volume = {{85}},
Number = {{3}},
Month = {{MAR 6}},
Abstract = {{We present a new formulation of monotonically convergent algorithms which allows us to optimize both the control duration and the field fluence. A standard algorithm designs a control field of fixed duration, which both brings the system close to the target state and minimizes its fluence, whereas here we include in addition the optimization of the duration in the cost functional. We apply this new algorithm to the control of spin systems in nuclear magnetic resonance. We show how to implement controlled-NOT gates in systems of two and four coupled spins.}},
DOI = {{10.1103/PhysRevA.85.033406}},
Article-Number = {{033406}},
ISSN = {{1050-2947}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{dominique, Sugny/A-3674-2012 salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000301104800004}},
}

17. Local matching indicators for transport problems with concave costs

SIAM JOURNAL on DISCRETE MATHEMATICS (2012)

@article{ ISI:000305962300026,
Author = {Delon, Julie and Salomon, Julien and Sobolevski, Andrei},
Title = {{LOCAL MATCHING INDICATORS FOR TRANSPORT PROBLEMS WITH CONCAVE COSTS}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON DISCRETE MATHEMATICS}},
Year = {{2012}},
Volume = {{26}},
Number = {{2}},
Pages = {{801-827}},
Abstract = {{In this paper, we introduce a class of local indicators that enable us to compute efficiently optimal transport plans associated with arbitrary weighted distributions of N demands and M supplies in R in the case where the cost function is concave. Indeed, whereas this problem can be solved linearly when the cost is a convex function of the distance on the line (or more generally when the cost matrix between points is a Monge matrix), to the best of our knowledge no simple solution has been proposed for concave costs, which are more realistic in many applications, especially in economic situations. The problem we consider may be unbalanced, in the sense that the weight of all the supplies might be larger than the weight of all the demands. We show how to use the local indicators hierarchically to solve the transportation problem for concave costs on the line.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/110823304}},
ISSN = {{0895-4801}},
EISSN = {{1095-7146}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 Sobolevski, Andrei/D-9361-2012}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Sobolevski, Andrei/0000-0002-3082-5113}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000305962300026}},
}

18. A Reduced Basis Method for Parametrized Variational Inequalities

SIAM JOURNAL on NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (2012)

@article{ ISI:000310329800023,
Author = {Haasdonk, B. and Salomon, J. and Wohlmuth, B.},
Title = {{A REDUCED BASIS METHOD FOR PARAMETRIZED VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2012}},
Volume = {{50}},
Number = {{5}},
Pages = {{2656-2676}},
Abstract = {{Reduced basis methods are an efficient tool for significantly reducing the computational complexity of solving parametrized PDEs. Originally introduced for elliptic equations, they have been generalized during the last decade to various types of elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic systems. In this article, we extend the reduction technique to parametrized variational inequalities. First, we propose a reduced basis variational inequality scheme in a saddle point form and prove existence and uniqueness of the solution. We state some elementary analytical properties of the scheme such as reproduction of solutions, a priori stability with respect to the data, and Lipschitz-continuity with respect to the parameters. An offline/online decomposition guarantees an efficient assembling of the reduced scheme, which can be solved by constrained quadratic programming. Second, we provide rigorous a posteriori error bounds with a partial offline/online decomposition. The reduction scheme is applied to one-dimensional obstacle problems. The numerical results confirm the theoretical ones and demonstrate the efficiency of the reduction technique.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/110835372}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000310329800023}},
}

19. Newton algorithm for operator identification in quantum control

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS (2014)

@article{ ISI:000338491100009,
Author = {Ndong, M. and Salomon, J. and Sugny, D.},
Title = {{Newton algorithm for Hamiltonian characterization in quantum control}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL}},
Year = {{2014}},
Volume = {{47}},
Number = {{26}},
Month = {{JUL 4}},
Abstract = {{We propose a Newton algorithm to characterize the Hamiltonian of a quantum system interacting with a given laser field. The algorithm is based on the assumption that the evolution operator of the system is perfectly known at a fixed time. The computational scheme uses the Crank-Nicholson approximation to explicitly determine the derivatives of the propagator with respect to the Hamiltonians of the system. In order to globalize this algorithm, we use a continuation method that improves its convergence properties. This technique is applied to a two-level quantum system and to a molecular one with a double-well potential. The numerical tests show that accurate estimates of the unknown parameters are obtained in some cases. We discuss the numerical limits of the algorithm in terms of the basin of convergence and the non-uniqueness of the solution.}},
DOI = {{10.1088/1751-8113/47/26/265302}},
Article-Number = {{265302}},
ISSN = {{1751-8113}},
EISSN = {{1751-8121}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000338491100009}},
}

20. Parareal in time 3D numerical solver for the LWR Benchmark neutron diffusion transient model

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS (2014)

@article{ ISI:000342750100005,
Author = {Baudron, Anne-Marie and Lautard, Jean-Jacques and Maday, Yvon and Riahi, Mohamed Kamel and Salomon, Julien},
Title = {{Parareal in time 3D numerical solver for the LWR Benchmark neutron diffusion transient model}},
Journal = {{JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS}},
Year = {{2014}},
Volume = {{279}},
Pages = {{67-79}},
Month = {{DEC 15}},
Abstract = {{In this paper we present a time-parallel algorithm for the 3D neutrons calculation of a transient model in a nuclear reactor core. The neutrons calculation consists in numerically solving the time dependent diffusion approximation equation, which is a simplified transport equation. The numerical resolution is done with finite elements method based on a tetrahedral meshing of the computational domain, representing the reactor core, and time discretization is achieved using a theta-scheme. The transient model presents moving control rods during the time of the reaction. Therefore, cross-sections (piecewise constants) are taken into account by interpolations with respect to the velocity of the control rods. The parallelism across the time is achieved by an adequate use of the parareal in time algorithm to the handled problem. This parallel method is a predictor corrector scheme that iteratively combines the use of two kinds of numerical propagators, one coarse and one fine. Our method is made efficient by means of a coarse solver defined with large time step and fixed position control rods model, while the fine propagator is assumed to be a high order numerical approximation of the full model. The parallel implementation of our method provides a good scalability of the algorithm. Numerical results show the efficiency of the parareal method on large light water reactor transient model corresponding to the Langenbuch-Maurer-Werner benchmark. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.jcp.2014.08.037}},
ISSN = {{0021-9991}},
EISSN = {{1090-2716}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{RIAHI, Mohamed Kamel/0000-0001-7987-1391}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000342750100005}},
}

21. A method for solving exact-controllability problems governed by closed quantum spin systems

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of CONTROL (2015)

@article{ ISI:000350449200002,
Author = {Ciaramella, G. and Salomon, J. and Borzi, A.},
Title = {{A method for solving exact-controllability problems governed by closed quantum spin systems}},
Journal = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTROL}},
Year = {{2015}},
Volume = {{88}},
Number = {{4}},
Pages = {{682-702}},
Month = {{APR 3}},
Abstract = {{The Liouville-von Neumann master equation models closed quantum spin systems that arise in nuclear magnetic resonance applications. In this paper, an efficient and robust computational framework to solve exact-controllability problems governed by the Liouville-von Neumann master equation is presented. The proposed control framework is based on a new optimisation formulation of exact-controllability quantum spin problems that allows the application of efficient computational techniques. This formulation results in an optimality system with four differential equations and an optimality condition. The differential equations are approximated with an appropriate modified Crank-Nicholson scheme and the resulting discretised optimality system is solved with a matrix-free Krylov-Newton scheme combined with a cascadic nonlinear conjugate gradient initialisation. Results of numerical experiments demonstrate the ability of the proposed framework to solve quantum spin exact-controllability control problems.}},
DOI = {{10.1080/00207179.2014.971435}},
ISSN = {{0020-7179}},
EISSN = {{1366-5820}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000350449200002}},
}

22. Ensemble controllability and discrimination of perturbed bilinear control systems on connected, simple, compact Lie groups

EUROPEAN JOURNAL of CONTROL (2015) Preprint HAL: hal-00866229

@article{ ISI:000351644000004,
Author = {Belhadj, Mohamed and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{Ensemble controllability and discrimination of perturbed bilinear control systems on connected, simple, compact Lie groups}},
Journal = {{EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CONTROL}},
Year = {{2015}},
Volume = {{22}},
Pages = {{23-29}},
Month = {{MAR}},
Abstract = {{The controllability of bilinear systems is well understood for finite dimensional isolated systems where the control can be implemented exactly. However when perturbations are present some interesting theoretical questions are raised. We consider in this paper a control system whose control cannot be implemented exactly but is shifted by a time independent constant in a discrete list of possibilities. We prove under general hypothesis that the collection of possible systems (one for each possible perturbation) is simultaneously controllable with a common control. The result is extended to the situations where the perturbations are constant over a common, long enough, time frame. We apply the result to the controllability of quantum systems. Furthermore, some examples and a convergence result are presented for the situation where an infinite number of perturbations occurs. In addition, the techniques invoked in the proof allow us to obtain generic necessary and sufficient conditions for ensemble controllability. (C) 2015 European Control Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.ejcon.2014.12.003}},
ISSN = {{0947-3580}},
EISSN = {{1435-5671}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000351644000004}},
}

23. Reduced basis methods for pricing options with the Black-Scholes and Heston model

SIAM JOURNAL on FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS (2015)

@article{ ISI:000367013000025,
Author = {Burkovska, O. and Haasdonk, B. and Salomon, J. and Wohlmuth, B.},
Title = {{Reduced Basis Methods for Pricing Options with the Black-Scholes and Heston Models}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS}},
Year = {{2015}},
Volume = {{6}},
Number = {{1}},
Pages = {{685-712}},
Abstract = {{In this paper, we present a reduced basis method for pricing European and American options based on the Black-Scholes and Heston models. To tackle each model numerically, we formulate the problem in terms of a time-dependent variational equality or inequality. We apply a suitable reduced basis approach for both types of options. The characteristic ingredients used in the method are a combined POD-Greedy and Angle-Greedy procedure for the construction of the primal and dual reduced spaces. Analytically, we prove the reproduction property of the reduced scheme and derive a posteriori error estimators. Numerical examples are provided, illustrating the approximation quality and convergence of our approach for the different option pricing models. Also, we investigate the reliability and effectivity of the error estimators.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/140981216}},
ISSN = {{1945-497X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000367013000025}},
}

24. Discrete-valued-pulse optimal control algorithms: Application to spin systems

PHYSICAL REVIEW (2015)

@article{ ISI:000363230800003,
Author = {Dridi, G. and Lapert, M. and Salomon, J. and Glaser, S. J. and Sugny, D.},
Title = {{Discrete-valued-pulse optimal control algorithms: Application to spin systems}},
Journal = {{PHYSICAL REVIEW A}},
Year = {{2015}},
Volume = {{92}},
Number = {{4}},
Month = {{OCT 22}},
Abstract = {{This article is aimed at extending the framework of optimal control techniques to the situation where the control field values are restricted to a finite set. We propose generalizations of the standard GRAPE algorithm suited to this constraint. We test the validity and the efficiency of this approach for the inversion of an inhomogeneous ensemble of spin systems with different offset frequencies. It is shown that a remarkable efficiency can be achieved even for a very limited number of discrete values. Some applications in nuclear magnetic resonance are discussed.}},
DOI = {{10.1103/PhysRevA.92.043417}},
Article-Number = {{043417}},
ISSN = {{2469-9926}},
EISSN = {{2469-9934}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{Glaser, Steffen/B-7335-2009}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Glaser, Steffen/0000-0003-4099-3177}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000363230800003}},
}

25. A fully efficient time-parallelized quantum optimal control algorithm

PHYSICAL REVIEW (2016)
hal-01281726

@article{ ISI:000373872400005,
Author = {Riahi, M. K. and Salomon, J. and Glaser, S. J. and Sugny, D.},
Title = {{Fully efficient time-parallelized quantum optimal control algorithm}},
Journal = {{PHYSICAL REVIEW A}},
Year = {{2016}},
Volume = {{93}},
Number = {{4}},
Month = {{APR 13}},
Abstract = {{We present a time-parallelization method that enables one to accelerate the computation of quantum optimal control algorithms. We show that this approach is approximately fully efficient when based on a gradient method as optimization solver: the computational time is approximately divided by the number of available processors. The control of spin systems, molecular orientation, and Bose-Einstein condensates are used as illustrative examples to highlight the wide range of applications of this numerical scheme.}},
DOI = {{10.1103/PhysRevA.93.043410}},
Article-Number = {{043410}},
ISSN = {{2469-9926}},
EISSN = {{2469-9934}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{Glaser, Steffen/B-7335-2009}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Glaser, Steffen/0000-0003-4099-3177}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000373872400005}},
}

26. On the method of reflections

Submitted (2017)
hal-01439871

Refereed Congress proceedings

Discretely monotonically convergent algorithm in quantum control

LHMNLC03 IFAC conference, p 321, Sevilla, 3-5 April 2003

@inproceedings{ ISI:000189430200047,
Author = {Maday, Y and Salomon, J and Turinici, G},
Editor = {{Astolfi, A and Gordillo, F and VanderSchaft, AJ}},
Title = {{Discretely monotonically convergent algorithms in quantum control}},
Booktitle = {{LAGRANGIAN AND HAMILTONIAN METHODS IN NONLINEAR CONTROL 2003}},
Series = {{IFAC WORKSHOP SERIES}},
Year = {{2003}},
Pages = {{291-294}},
Note = {{2nd IFAC Workshop on Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Methods for Nonlinear Control, Seville, SPAIN, APR 03-05, 2003}},
Organization = {{Int Federat Automat Control; IEEE; NACO2; Minist Ciencia \& Teenol; Univ Seville; Junta Andalucia; AICIA; Monte Piedad, Caja Ahorros Huelva Sevilla}},
Abstract = {{The numerical simulation of laser control of molecular systems has made an important step forward by the introduction of algorithms that are guaranteed to improve at each step the cost functional that describes the required control objectives. Nevertheless, after discretization in time, the users may have to deal with instabilities that lead them to stop the simulation indeed with an improved cost functional but before convergence may be reached. In this paper we explain the reasons for such instabilities and propose discrete algorithms that avoid this problem. Copyright (C) 2003 IFAC.}},
ISBN = {{0-08-044278-1}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000189430200047}},
}

Control of molecular orientation and alignment by monotonic schemes

24-th IASTED International Conference on modelling, identification and control, 457-187, pp 64-68, Innsbruck, 16-18 February 2005

Missing BibTeX

Limit points of the monotonic schemes in quantum control

44th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Sevilla, 12-15 December 2005

@inproceedings{ ISI:000240653705108,
Author = {Salomon, Julien},
Book-Group-Author = {{IEEE}},
Title = {{Limit points the monotonic schemes for quantum control}},
Booktitle = {{2005 44TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL \& EUROPEAN CONTROL CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-8}},
Series = {{IEEE Conference on Decision and Control}},
Year = {{2005}},
Pages = {{5854-5858}},
Note = {{44th IEEE Conference on Decision Control/European Control Conference (CCD-ECC), Seville, SPAIN, DEC 12-15, 2005}},
Organization = {{IEEE Control Syst Soc; European Union Control Assoc; IFAC; INFORMS; SIAM; SICE; Honeywell; MathWorks}},
Abstract = {{Many numerical simulations in quantum (bilinear) control use the monotonically convergent algorithms of Krotov (introduced by Tannor in {[}12]),
Zhu \& Rabitz ({[}11]) or the general form of Maday \& Tbrinici ({[}13]). This paper presents an analysis of the limit set of controls provided by these algorithms and a proof of convergence in a particular case.}},
Publisher = {{IEEE}},
Address = {{345 E 47TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10017 USA}},
Type = {{Proceedings Paper}},
Language = {{English}},
Affiliation = {{Salomon, J (Reprint Author), Univ Paris 06, Lab Jacques Louis Lions, Boite Courrier 187, F-75252 Paris 05, France. Univ Paris 06, Lab Jacques Louis Lions, F-75252 Paris 05, France.}},
ISSN = {{0191-2216}},
ISBN = {{0-7803-9567-0}},
Keywords-Plus = {{LASER-PULSES; POPULATION TRANSFER; MOLECULES}},
Research-Areas = {{Automation \& Control Systems}},
Web-of-Science-Categories = {{Automation \& Control Systems}},
Author-Email = {{Salomon@ann.jussieu.fr}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Number-of-Cited-References = {{19}},
Times-Cited = {{0}},
Usage-Count-(Last-180-days) = {{0}},
Usage-Count-Since-2013 = {{1}},
Doc-Delivery-Number = {{BFB21}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000240653705108}},
}

A monotonic algorithm for the optimal control of the Fokker-Planck equation

47th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Cancun, 9-11 December 2008

@inproceedings{ ISI:000307311600045,
Author = {Carlier, Guillaume and Salomon, Julien},
Book-Group-Author = {{IEEE}},
Title = {{A monotonic algorithm for the optimal control of the Fokker-Planck equation}},
Booktitle = {{47TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL, 2008 (CDC 2008)}},
Series = {{IEEE Conference on Decision and Control}},
Year = {{2008}},
Pages = {{269-273}},
Note = {{47th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE Control Syst Soc (CSS), Cancun, MEXICO, DEC 09-11, 2008}},
Organization = {{IEEE; Soc Ind \& Appl Math (SIAM); Inst Operat Res \& Management Sci (INFORMS); Japanese Soc Instrument \& Control Engn (SICE); European Union Control Assoc (EUCA); Taylor \& Francis Grp; StatoilHydro}},
Abstract = {{Motivated by some crowd motion models in the presence of noise, we consider an optimal control problem governed by the Fokker-Planck equation. We sketch optimality conditions by means of an Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation and we give a monotonic scheme for the numerical approximation of the solution.}},
Publisher = {{IEEE}},
Address = {{345 E 47TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10017 USA}},
Type = {{Proceedings Paper}},
Language = {{English}},
Affiliation = {{Carlier, G (Reprint Author), Univ Paris 09, CNRS, CEREMADE, UMR 7534, Pl Lattre de Tassigny, F-75775 Paris 16, France. Carlier, Guillaume; Salomon, Julien, Univ Paris 09, CNRS, CEREMADE, UMR 7534, F-75775 Paris 16, France.}},
DOI = {{10.1109/CDC.2008.4738915}},
ISSN = {{0191-2216}},
ISBN = {{978-1-4244-3124-3}},
Keywords-Plus = {{MEAN-FIELD GAMES; QUANTUM CONTROL}},
Research-Areas = {{Automation \& Control Systems; Computer Science; Engineering}},
Web-of-Science-Categories = {{Automation \& Control Systems; Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence; Engineering, Electrical \& Electronic}},
Author-Email = {{carlier@ceremade.dauphine.fr salomon@ceremade.dauphine.fr}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Number-of-Cited-References = {{12}},
Times-Cited = {{0}},
Usage-Count-(Last-180-days) = {{0}},
Usage-Count-Since-2013 = {{0}},
Doc-Delivery-Number = {{BBL77}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000307311600045}},
}

A greedy algorithm for the identification of quantum systems

48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Shanghai, 16-18 December 2009

@inproceedings{ ISI:000336893600064,
Author = {Maday, Yvon and Salomon, Julien},
Book-Group-Author = {{IEEE}},
Title = {{A greedy algorithm for the identification of quantum systems}},
Booktitle = {{PROCEEDINGS OF THE 48TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL, 2009 HELD JOINTLY WITH THE 2009 28TH CHINESE CONTROL CONFERENCE (CDC/CCC 2009)}},
Series = {{IEEE Conference on Decision and Control}},
Year = {{2009}},
Pages = {{375-379}},
Note = {{Joint 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC) / 28th Chinese Control Conference (CCC), Shanghai, PEOPLES R CHINA, DEC 15-18, 2009}},
Organization = {{IEEE; Honeywell; Quanser; United Technologies; Googol Tech; MathWorks; Natl Instruments}},
Abstract = {{The control of quantum phenomena is a topic that has carried out many challenging problems. Among others, the Hamiltonian identification, i.e, the inverse problem associated with the unknown features of a quantum system is still an open issue. In this work, we present an algorithm that enables to design a set of selective laser fields that can be used, in a second stage, to identify unknown parameters of quantum systems.}},
DOI = {{10.1109/CDC.2009.5400691}},
ISSN = {{0743-1546}},
ISBN = {{978-1-4244-3872-3}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000336893600064}},
}

Control through operators for quantum chemistry

51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Maui, 10-13 December 2012

@inproceedings{ ISI:000327200402009,
Author = {Laurent, Philippe and Rabitz, Herschel and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Book-Group-Author = {{IEEE}},
Title = {{Control through operators for quantum chemistry}},
Booktitle = {{2012 IEEE 51ST ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL (CDC)}},
Series = {{IEEE Conference on Decision and Control}},
Year = {{2012}},
Pages = {{1663-1667}},
Note = {{51st IEEE Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), HI, DEC 10-13, 2012}},
Organization = {{IEEE; Soc Ind \& Appl Math; Inst Operat Res Management Sci; Japanese Soc Instrument \& Control Engineers; European Union Control Assoc; Int Federat Automat Control; Elsevier; GE Global Res; MathWorks; Springer; Univ Hawaii Manoa, Coll Engn; Univ Texas Dallas; Journal Franklin Inst, Engn \& Appl Math; Taylor \& Francis Grp; Visual Solut; Wolfram Res}},
Abstract = {{We consider the problem of operator identification in quantum control. The free Hamiltonian and the dipole moment are searched such that a given target state is reached at a given time. A local existence result is obtained. As a by-product, our works reveals necessary conditions on the laser field to make the identification feasible. In the last part of this work, some Newton algorithms are proposed together with a continuation method to compute effectively these operators.}},
ISSN = {{0191-2216}},
ISBN = {{978-1-4673-2066-5}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000327200402009}},
}

Refereed journals proceedings

Development and calibration of a modeling tool for the analysis of clinical data in human nutrition

ESAIM Proceedings, Vol. 14 (September 2005), pp. 124-155

Missing BibTex

Minimum-weight perfect matching for non-intrinsic distances on the line

Proc. of "Optimization and stochastic methods for spatially distributed information", St-Petersburg, May 11--15-th 2010

Missing BibTex

A Reduced Basis Method for the Simulation of American Options

Proc. of ENUMATH Conference 2011, Leicester, 5th-9th September 2011
hal-00660385

Missing BibTeX

Parareal in time intermediate targets methods for optimal control problem

Proc. of "Control and Optimization of PDEs", Mariatrost, Oct. 10-14 2011, International Series of Numerical Mathematics (Birkhäuser, Basel)
hal-00678504

Missing BibTex

Notes aux Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences

Constructive solution of a bilinear quantum control problem

C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris, 342 (2), pp. 119-124 (2006)

@article{ ISI:000234632200009,
Author = {Baudouin, L and Salomon, J},
Title = {{Constructive solution of a bilinear control problem}},
Journal = {{COMPTES RENDUS MATHEMATIQUE}},
Year = {{2006}},
Volume = {{342}},
Number = {{2}},
Pages = {{119-124}},
Month = {{JAN 15}},
Abstract = {{We present an optimization method of a quantum control problem giving rise to a sequence of controls increasing monotonically the values of a cost functional. We first claim some results about the regularity of this cost functional. Those enable to extend an inequality due to Lojasiewicz to the infinite dimensional case. Lastly, a sequence of inequalities proving the Cauchy character of the monotonic sequence is obtained, and we can also estimate the rate of convergence. The detailed proof will be given in {[}L. Baudouin, J. Salomon, Constructive solution of a bilinear quantum control problem. 2005, in preparation. {[}3]]. To cite this article: L. Baudouin, J. Salomon, C R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. 1342 (2006). (c) 2005 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.crma.2005.11.021}},
ISSN = {{1631-073X}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000234632200009}},
}

Local matching indicators for concave transport costs

C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris, 348 (2), pp. 901-905 (2010)

@article{ ISI:000281592700016,
Author = {Delon, Julie and Salomon, Julien and Sobolevskii, Andrei},
Title = {{Local matching indicators for concave transport costs}},
Journal = {{COMPTES RENDUS MATHEMATIQUE}},
Year = {{2010}},
Volume = {{348}},
Number = {{15-16}},
Pages = {{901-905}},
Month = {{AUG}},
Abstract = {{In this Note, we introduce a class of indicators that enable to compute efficiently optimal transport plans associated to arbitrary distributions of N demands and N supplies in R in the case where the cost function is concave. The cost of these indicators is small and independent of N. Using them recursively according to a particular algorithm allows to find an optimal transport plan in less than N(2) evaluations of the cost function. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Academie des sciences.}},
Publisher = {{ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER}},
Address = {{23 RUE LINOIS, 75724 PARIS, FRANCE}},
Type = {{Article}},
Language = {{English}},
Affiliation = {{Delon, J (Reprint Author), Telecom ParisTech, LTCI CNRS, Paris, France. Delon, Julie, Telecom ParisTech, LTCI CNRS, Paris, France. Salomon, Julien, Univ Paris 09, CEREMADE, F-75016 Paris, France. Sobolevskii, Andrei, AA Kharkevich Inst Informat Transmiss Problems, Moscow, Russia. Sobolevskii, Andrei, CNRS, UMI 2615, Lab JV Poncelet, F-75700 Paris, France.}},
DOI = {{10.1016/j.crma.2010.07.010}},
ISSN = {{1631-073X}},
Research-Areas = {{Mathematics}},
Web-of-Science-Categories = {{Mathematics}},
Author-Email = {{julie.delon@enst.fr salomon@ceremade.dauphine.fr ansobol@mccme.ru}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 Sobolevski, Andrei/D-9361-2012}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Sobolevski, Andrei/0000-0002-3082-5113}},
Funding-Acknowledgement = {{ANR {[}BLAN07-2\_183172 OTARIE]}},
Funding-Text = {{This work has been started during the visit of J.D. and J.S. at the Observatoire de Nice made possible by ANR through grant BLAN07-2\_183172 OTARIE (http://www.mccme.ru/-ansobol/otarie/).}},
Number-of-Cited-References = {{4}},
Times-Cited = {{0}},
Usage-Count-(Last-180-days) = {{0}},
Usage-Count-Since-2013 = {{1}},
Journal-ISO = {{C. R. Math.}},
Doc-Delivery-Number = {{647CF}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000281592700016}},
}

Ph. D. Thesis

Contrôle en chimie quantique : conception et analyse de schémas d'optimisation

Defended the 30-th of September 2005

Missing BibTex

Habilitation

Conception d'algorithmes performants pour le contrôle, le transport optimal et l'accélération de la résolution d'EDP

Defended the 18-th of September 2010

Missing BibTex

Time Parallelization, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Quantum Control

Abstract (french) »

In this simulation, we compare sequential and parallel computations of a laser field that optimally controls the orientation of a molecule. The parallelization is done with respect to time using the Intermediate State Method presented in "4. Monotonic Parareal Control for Quantum Systems"

@article{ ISI:000253017000009,
Author = {Maday, Yvon and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{Monotonic parareal control for quantum systems}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2007}},
Volume = {{45}},
Number = {{6}},
Pages = {{2468-2482}},
Abstract = {{Following encouraging experimental results in quantum control, numerical simulations have knsignificant improvements through the introduction of efficient optimization algorithms. Yet, the computatiocost still prevents using these procedures for high-dimensional systems often present in quantum chemistUsing parareal framework, we present here a time parallelization of these schemes which allows us to redsignificantly their computational cost while still finding convenient controls.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/050647086}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
EISSN = {{1095-7170}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{Maday, Yvon/C-1397-2013 }},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Maday, Yvon/0000-0002-0443-6544 TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000253017000009}},
}

Left: sequential iterations.

Right: iterations achieved in parallel.

The red dots indicate the borders of the sub-intervals used in the parallelization. Note that we are close to the full efficiency: with our approach, the computational time is approximately divided by the number of processors used in the parallelization (here 5 processors). This method also applies to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.

Corotational Formulation, Continuum Mechanics

Abstract (french) »

The method we design in "6. Energy conserving algorithms for a co-rotational formulation"
@article{ ISI:000256453400009,
Author = {Salomon, J. and Weiss, A. A. and Wohlmuth, B. I.},
Title = {{Energy-conserving algorithms for a corotational formulation}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{46}},
Number = {{4}},
Pages = {{1842-1866}},
Abstract = {{Standard nonlinear schemes for the the simulation of elastodynamic problems have several shortcomings when considering high-speed rotations. To tackle these problems, we use a corotational framework and a corresponding specific linearization to design new energy-conserving numerical schemes. In the two-dimensional case, an algorithm preserving also angular momentum is presented. The existence of a solution for the fully discrete setting of this algorithm is established. Numerical results illustrate the flexibility and efficiency of the proposed algorithms.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/060669863}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
EISSN = {{1095-7170}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000256453400009}},
}
enables to compute efficiently the evolution of elastic bodies. The key idea consists in decomposing the motion into rigid and purely elastic parts. In these examples, we include contacts and friction.

First in 2D : an elastic disc bounces on the ground. Because of friction, it starts rotating.

In the second example, we compare the 3D evolution of a torus for various values of the friction coefficient. In our case high friction leads to a return motion, see the torus on the right.

This example is detailled in "8. Energy consistent co-rotational schemes for frictional contact problems"

@article{ ISI:000260850000014,
Author = {Hauret, P. and Salomon, J. and Weiss, A. A. and Wohlmuth, B. I.},
Title = {{ENERGY-CONSISTENT COROTATIONAL SCHEMES FOR FRICTIONAL CONTACT PROBLEMS}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING}},
Year = {{2008}},
Volume = {{30}},
Number = {{5}},
Pages = {{2488-2511}},
Abstract = {{In this paper, we consider the unilateral frictional contact problem of a hyperelastic body in the case of large displacements and small strains. In order to retain the linear elasticity framework, we decompose the deformation into a large global rotation and a small elastic displacement. This corotational approach is combined with a primal-dual active set strategy to tackle the contact problem. The resulting algorithm preserves both energy and angular momentum.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/070687827}},
ISSN = {{1064-8275}},
EISSN = {{1095-7197}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000260850000014}},
}

Optimal Transport, Mean Field Games and Economics

Abstract (french) »

We consider an optimal transport problem in a PDE formulation where the final state optimizes a given potential. The transport between initial and final state minimizes the kinetic energy. Here, the final state minimizes a potential containing two wells.

In this second example, the mass density has to cross an obstacle to reach the final state.

Details about the optimization method can be found in "A monotonic algorithm for the optimal control of the Fokker-Planck equation" @inproceedings{ ISI:000307311600045, Author = {Carlier, Guillaume and Salomon, Julien}, Book-Group-Author = {{IEEE}}, Title = {{A monotonic algorithm for the optimal control of the Fokker-Planck equation}}, Booktitle = {{47TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL, 2008 (CDC 2008)}}, Series = {{IEEE Conference on Decision and Control}}, Year = {{2008}}, Pages = {{269-273}}, Note = {{47th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE Control Syst Soc (CSS), Cancun, MEXICO, DEC 09-11, 2008}}, Organization = {{IEEE; Soc Ind \& Appl Math (SIAM); Inst Operat Res \& Management Sci (INFORMS); Japanese Soc Instrument \& Control Engn (SICE); European Union Control Assoc (EUCA); Taylor \& Francis Grp; StatoilHydro}}, Abstract = {{Motivated by some crowd motion models in the presence of noise, we consider an optimal control problem governed by the Fokker-Planck equation. We sketch optimality conditions by means of an Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation and we give a monotonic scheme for the numerical approximation of the solution.}}, Publisher = {{IEEE}}, Address = {{345 E 47TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10017 USA}}, Type = {{Proceedings Paper}}, Language = {{English}}, Affiliation = {{Carlier, G (Reprint Author), Univ Paris 09, CNRS, CEREMADE, UMR 7534, Pl Lattre de Tassigny, F-75775 Paris 16, France. Carlier, Guillaume; Salomon, Julien, Univ Paris 09, CNRS, CEREMADE, UMR 7534, F-75775 Paris 16, France.}}, DOI = {{10.1109/CDC.2008.4738915}}, ISSN = {{0191-2216}}, ISBN = {{978-1-4244-3124-3}}, Keywords-Plus = {{MEAN-FIELD GAMES; QUANTUM CONTROL}}, Research-Areas = {{Automation \& Control Systems; Computer Science; Engineering}}, Web-of-Science-Categories = {{Automation \& Control Systems; Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence; Engineering, Electrical \& Electronic}}, Author-Email = {{carlier@ceremade.dauphine.fr salomon@ceremade.dauphine.fr}}, ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}}, Number-of-Cited-References = {{12}}, Times-Cited = {{0}}, Usage-Count-(Last-180-days) = {{0}}, Usage-Count-Since-2013 = {{0}}, Doc-Delivery-Number = {{BBL77}}, Unique-ID = {{ISI:000307311600045}}, } and in "11. Computation of mean field equilibria in economics", where the method is applied to the computation of economical equilibrium, using mean field games formulation.

@article{ ISI:000280852900003,
Author = {Lachapelle, Aime and Salomon, Julien and Turinici, Gabriel},
Title = {{COMPUTATION OF MEAN FIELD EQUILIBRIA IN ECONOMICS}},
Journal = {{MATHEMATICAL MODELS \& METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES}},
Year = {{2010}},
Volume = {{20}},
Number = {{4}},
Pages = {{567-588}},
Month = {{APR}},
Abstract = {{Motivated by a mean field games stylized model for the choice of technologies (with externalitieand economy of scale), we consider the associated optimization problem and prove an existence result. Tcomplement the theoretical result, we introduce a monotonic algorithm to find the mean field equilibria. Wclose with some numerical results, including the multiplicity of equilibria describing the possibility of technological transition.}},
DOI = {{10.1142/S0218202510004349}},
ISSN = {{0218-2025}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{TURINICI, Gabriel/0000-0003-2713-006X}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000280852900003}},
}

Reduced Basis Method, Variational Inequalities and Finance

Abstract (french) »

Using the reduced basis method for variational inequalities presented in "18. A Reduced Basis Method for Parametrized Variational Inequalities" we compute rapidly the evolution of an american option in finance.

@article{ ISI:000310329800023,
Author = {Haasdonk, B. and Salomon, J. and Wohlmuth, B.},
Title = {{A REDUCED BASIS METHOD FOR PARAMETRIZED VARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON NUMERICAL ANALYSIS}},
Year = {{2012}},
Volume = {{50}},
Number = {{5}},
Pages = {{2656-2676}},
Abstract = {{Reduced basis methods are an efficient tool for significantly reducing the computationcomplexity of solving parametrized PDEs. Originally introduced for elliptic equations, they have begeneralized during the last decade to various types of elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic systems. In tharticle, we extend the reduction technique to parametrized variational inequalities. First, we proposereduced basis variational inequality scheme in a saddle point form and prove existence and uniqueness of tsolution. We state some elementary analytical properties of the scheme such as reproduction of solutions,priori stability with respect to the data, and Lipschitz-continuity with respect to the parameters. An offlionline decomposition guarantees an efficient assembling of the reduced scheme, which can be solved constrained quadratic programming. Second, we provide rigorous a posteriori error bounds with a partial offl/online decomposition. The reduction scheme is applied to one-dimensional obstacle problems. The numericresults confirm the theoretical ones and demonstrate the efficiency of the reduction technique.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/110835372}},
ISSN = {{0036-1429}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000310329800023}},
}

We compare our method (blue crosses) with a standard one (finite element method, red line). Our approach enables us to work in dimension 30 instead of 400 in the finite element method.
Details are given in "A Reduced Basis Method for the Simulation of American Options"

Missing BibTex

Optimal Transport, Concave Costs

Abstract (french) »

In this example, we want to find the optimal transport plan that matches two sets of 50 demands and 50 supplies, represented by (very small) blue crosses and red dots. Both are randomly distributed.

Using the Local Matching Indicators presented in "17. Local matching indicators for transport problems with concave costs" we compute the cheapest plan.

@article{ ISI:000305962300026,
Author = {Delon, Julie and Salomon, Julien and Sobolevski, Andrei},
Title = {{LOCAL MATCHING INDICATORS FOR TRANSPORT PROBLEMS WITH CONCAVE COSTS}},
Journal = {{SIAM JOURNAL ON DISCRETE MATHEMATICS}},
Year = {{2012}},
Volume = {{26}},
Number = {{2}},
Pages = {{801-827}},
Abstract = {{In this paper, we introduce a class of local indicators that enable us to compute efficiently optimal transport plans associated with arbitrary weighted distributions of N demands and M supplies in R in the case where the cost function is concave. Indeed, whereas this problem can be solved linearly when the cost is a convex function of the distance on the line (or more generally when the cost matrix between points is a Monge matrix), to the best of our knowledge no simple solution has been proposed for concave costs, which are more realistic in many applications, especially in economic situations. The problem we consider may be unbalanced, in the sense that the weight of all the supplies might be larger than the weight of all the demands. We show how to use the local indicators hierarchically to solve the transportation problem for concave costs on the line.}},
DOI = {{10.1137/110823304}},
ISSN = {{0895-4801}},
EISSN = {{1095-7146}},
ResearcherID-Numbers = {{salomon, julien/B-3402-2013 Sobolevski, Andrei/D-9361-2012}},
ORCID-Numbers = {{Sobolevski, Andrei/0000-0002-3082-5113}},
Unique-ID = {{ISI:000305962300026}},
}

The matching (represented by black arcs) is built iteratively, by detecting negative values of the indicators.